Languages Around the World

Written By Lucas G. & Lily E.

Watch this video BEFORE reading the article to learn how to pronounce the characters on the IPA chart:

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=OGYGDQgeh2c

Languages are interesting to us because it just fascinates us how people are able to come up with all the characteristics of languages. The creativity is inspiring. Here are the sites that we’ve gotten all our information from:

http://omniglot.com

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Persian

Native American Languages Part 1

Algonquian Languages

Most Algonquian languages don’t have all of the five vowels that English has. Most of them have only four basic ones, which are usually /a/, /e/, /i/, and /o/. Some of these languages have long versions of these vowels too, which are just pronounced for a longer period of time. An example of this is the Fox (Meshkwahkihaki) language, which uses a circumflex accent on top of the four vowels to make them long. Down below is the Fox alphabet:

On the chart, the characters that look like colons after the letters (in brackets) mean that they are pronounced longer. In Algonquian, grave accents are used instead of the circumflex accents in Fox. Other languages like this include Atikamekw, Chippewa, Cree, and Miami. An exception of these Algonquian languages is Cheyenne, which only has the vowels /a/, /e/, and /o/. Also, there is Blackfoot, which only has the vowels /a/, /i/, and /o/. Another exception of the Algonquian languages is Arapaho, which only has the vowels /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/. Arapaho is probably one of the most spoken Algonquian languages. Incase you were wondering why the name Arapaho has the /a/ in it even though the alphabet doesn’t have it, is because the Native American name for it is Hinóno’eltíít. Like Fox, another Algonquian language that uses circumflex accents for long vowels is Montagnais, except it doesn’t have a long /e/, and it has an /u/ instead of an /o/.

Caddoan Languages

So far, there are only four Caddoan languages, which are Arikara, Caddo, Pawnee, and Wichita. The Caddoan languages don’t really have very many similarities with vowels, because they all have different sets of them. Wichita has four vowels: /a/, /e/, /i/, and /u/. It also has long vowels. Arikara is the only one that has five vowels: /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, and /u/. All of the languages have long vowels, where the vowel is written twice together, for example: /aa/. You can visit Omniglot to learn more about these languages.

Persian

Persian is spoken by many in the Middle East. Primarily in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Iraq, and Russia. Adding on, the native name for Persian is فارسی (Farsi.) Persian is one of the oldest languages. Old Persian has been around since 300 BC. The first form of Farsi began with cuneiform. Adding on, the Persian alphabet has many more letters and sounds than the English alphabet. Therefore, the Persian alphabet is more formal, but it is complex. In conclusion, the Persian language is one of the many Middle Eastern languages.

 

Middle Eastern Languages

Middle Eastern languages have some other letters with sounds that are different from English. Persian, Assyrian, Urdu, and Arabic are all Middle Eastern languages. These languages nearly have the same alphabets. Persian has thirty-two letters in the alphabet and script, written from right to left. The Arabic alphabet has twenty-eight letters, and is written from right to left. Also, languages that use the Persian alphabet, have different forms of letters: initial, medial, final, and isolated/separate. All in all, these languages have similar pronunciations and spelling.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *